Sebastião I, king
- (1554-1578)The king of Portugal whose disappearance and death in battle in Morocco in 1578 led to a succession crisis and to Spain's annexation of Portugal in 1580. He is the person after whom the cult and mythology of Sebastianism is named. Sebastião succeeded to the throne of Portugal at the tender age of three, upon the death of his father King João III in 1557. With his great-uncle Cardinal Henrique, he was the only other surviving legitimate male member of the Aviz dynasty. The Spanish menace loomed on Portugal's eastern horizons, as Phillip II of Spain gathered more reasons to make good his own strong claims to the Portuguese throne. A headstrong youth, Sebastião dreamed of glory in battle against the Muslims and was certainly influenced by the example of the feats of Phillip II's half-brother Don Juan of Austria and the naval victory against the Turks at Lepanto in 1571.Sebastião's great project was a victory in Africa, and he ordered a major effort to raise a fleet and army to attack Morocco. His forces landed at Tangier and Arzila and marched to meet the Muslim armies. In early August 1578, at the battle of Alcácer- Quivir, Portugal's army was destroyed by Muslim forces, and the king himself was lost. Although he was undoubtedly killed, his body was never found. The result of this foolhardy enterprise changed the course of Portugal's history and gave rise to the cult and myth that Sebastião survived and would return one foggy morning to make Portugal great once again.
Historical dictionary of Portugal 3rd ed.. by Douglas L. Wheeler . 2014.
Look at other dictionaries:
Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, 1st Marquess of Pombal — Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, Marquis of Pombal, The Expulsion of the Jesuits by Louis Michel van Loo and Claude Joseph Vernet,1766. Minister of the Kingdom of Portugal … Wikipedia
Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, Marquis of Pombal — Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, 1st Count of Oeiras, 1st Marquis of Pombal (in Portuguese, Marquês de Pombal , pron. IPA2|mɐɾ keʃ dɨ põbaɫ), (13 May 1699ndash 15 May 1782) was an 18th century Portuguese statesman. He was Minister of the… … Wikipedia
Pombal, Sebastião de Carvalho, marquês de — ▪ Portuguese ruler (marquess of),in full Sebastião José de Carvalho e Mello, marquês de Pombal, also called (1759–69) conde (count) de Oeiras born May 13, 1699, Lisbon died May 8, 1782, Pombal, Port. Portuguese reformer and virtual… … Universalium
Forte de São Sebastião da Caparica — O Forte de São Sebastião da Caparica ( Fort São Sebastião da Caparica ) also known as Torre de São Sebastião da Caparica, Torre Velha and Fortaleza da Torre Velha (literally the Green Tower Fortress) is a fortress located in Monte da Caparica in… … Wikipedia
Church of the Jesuit College (São Sebastião) — Coordinates: 37°44′37″N 25°40′11.62″W / 37.74361°N 25.6698944°W / 37.74361; 25.6698944 … Wikipedia
Filipe I, king — (1527 1598) Known to history usually as Phillip II of Spain, this Spanish monarch was the first king of the Phillipine dynasty in Portugal, or Filipe I. He ruled Portugal and its empire from 1580 to 1598. The son of Carlos V (Charles V) of… … Historical dictionary of Portugal
João III, king — (1502 1557) Portugal s most talented and accomplished monarch of the late Renaissance period. João III was the 15th king of Portugal, the son of King Manuel I. Well educated by brilliant tutors, including the humanist Luís Teixeira, João at… … Historical dictionary of Portugal
Pombal, Sebastião de Carvalho, marquess de — born May 13, 1699, Lisbon, Port. died May 8, 1782, Pombal Portuguese reformer. After serving as ambassador to England and Vienna, he became chief minister to King Joseph and came to dominate Portuguese politics (1750–77). He encouraged industry… … Universalium
List of state leaders in 1574 — 1573 state leaders Events of 1574 1575 state leaders State leaders by year Africa*Ethiopia Sarsa Dengel, Emperor of Ethiopia (1563 1597) *Kongo Álvaro I, Manikongo (1568 1587) *Sennar Dakin (1568 1585/6) *Songhai Empire Askia Daoud, Askia of the… … Wikipedia
List of state leaders in 1578 — 1577 state leaders Events of 1578 1579 state leaders State leaders by year Africa*Ethiopia Sarsa Dengel, Emperor of Ethiopia (1563 1597) *Kongo Álvaro I, Manikongo (1568 1587) *Sennar Dakin (1568 1585/6) *Songhai Empire Askia Daoud, Askia of the… … Wikipedia